Henry Anderson

Husband of Susan Jane Damron

Henry first shows up in records for Johnson Co., IL, when he purchases land in Tunnel Hill twp., in 1851.  He later purchased land in section 15, Johnson Co., on 6 OCT 1852.  He shows up in records as purchasing land in sections 12, 15, and 19, in Johnson County, near the Saline county line.

Our branch of the family believes that Henry Anderson arrived in Illinois from Union Co., TN.  Others believe that he was born in Illinois.  All agree that he married Miss Susan Jane Damron 17 MAY 1855, at Vienna, Johnson Co., IL.   After the death of his first wife, he married Sarah Elizabeth Dougherty, widow of Adam Dillow, on 26 MAR 1876, in Union Co., IL.

Henry is not listed in the 1850 census for Johnson Co., IL, nor in the censuses for Union or Weakley Counties, TN (where his first wife's family was from).  He was not a "head of household" at this time.

In addition, Union County missed being included in the 1850 U.S. Federal Census because the county had not yet been erected. People who were in the area that became Union County may be enumerated in 1850 censuses of one of these counties; Anderson, Campbell, Claiborne, Grainger, and Knox. The first census for Union County is found in the U.S. Federal Census of 1860. It is said that many parts of the 1860 Federal Census were somewhat poorly done, mainly because the country was on the brink of the Civil War.

Henry and Susan Jane are included in the 1860 census for Johnson Co., IL. Henry is 27; lists his occupation as "sawyer"; has $2,300 worth of real estate and $450 worth of personal property.  Susan J., his wife, is 28 and a housekeeper.  Also listed in the family are:

            John A., age three;

            Frank, age one month; and

            Martha E., 16 (who might be a sister of Henry.)

This census does not list the state of birth for any of the household. Henry and Jane Anderson eventually became the parents of the following:

            JOHN ALMOS;

            Samuel Frank;

            Mary Drucilla;

            Norvell C.; and

            Ida E. Anderson.

JOHN ALMOS is our ancestor, born 1 JUL 1857, at Vienna, IL.

In March of 1995, I received a letter from David Ward Anderson of Conroe, Texas.  David was a great great grandson of Henry Anderson, through Henry's son Samuel Frank.

Sometimes Sam, sometimes Frank, and sometimes S.F. Anderson, this son apparently had a few run ins with the law in Johnson County, IL, a situation which eventually led to his re-location to Texas.  Sam was a farmer, with a love for hunting and fishing.

Father Henry, it was said, was an intelligent, industrious man, involved in the community, a Mason and a church-goer.   Henry owned a sawmill, a grist mill and a cotton gin.  His son Sam didn't "believe in" school, hard work or church, says his great grandson.  Sam's kids never went to school much, and his son, Norve (David's grandfather) only went to the first grade.  (Norve, we are told, was more like his grandfather Henry -- intelligent, hardworking and a practicing Christian.)

David Ward Anderson provided copies of photographs of both Samuel Frank Anderson and his wife, and father Henry Anderson and his wife Susan Jane Damron.  There was a definitely family resemblance to the Andersons descending from Henry's son John Almos Anderson -- our line.

Record of the death of Henry Anderson was obtained from the Johnson County, IL, Clerk and Recorder:  Henry Anderson, male, white, about 84 years old, engaged in farming, died 22 JUN 1914 at Goreville, IL, following a cerebral hemorrhage and general paralysis.  Henry was married and listed as having been born in Illinois.  He was buried 23 JUN 1914.  Place of burial not given on record.

It was Richard Anderson of Burton, MI, who in 1995 informed us that Henry was buried at Chapman Cemetery, Johnson Co., IL.  Richard was descended from a son by Henry's second marriage to Sarah Elizabeth Dougherty.  Henry and Sarah Elizabeth were the parents of:

            Charles Glenn, born 21 MAR 1877 at Johnson Co.; married Mary Tom Parham in 1899 at Paducah, McCracken Co., KY; was a carpenter; died 4 SEP 1929 at     Flint, MI. Charles and Mary were the parents of Algernon Buford, Clyde Lavern, Violet Irma, and Pauline Vivian.

            Alonzo, born 25 JAN 1879 at Johnson Co.; married 6 OCT 1898 Matilda J.   White; was a machinist; died 10 FEB 1943 at East St. Louis, IL. Alonzo and      Matilda were the parents of Clara Vertis, Bernice A., Lula, Siegal, and Jack.

            Effie Leeetta, born 1 DEC 1880 at Johnson Co.; married Oscar John Hiett; died 29 NOV 1965 at San Diego, CA.  Effie and Oscar were the parents of Lynas Anderson, Hue O. Hiett, Paul Q. Hiett, Flora L. Hiett, Elvin Hiett, and Leeeta (Greer) Hiett.

            Claude Henry, born 6 MAR 1883 at Johnson Co.; married 18 JAN 1905 Maggie  Condor; died 13 JAN 1964 at Flint, MI.  Claude Henry Anderson is the  grandfather of genealogist Richard B. Anderson of Burton, MI.  Claude worked in a restaurant and married three times: (1) Maggie Condor, (2) Mattie Albright, and (3) Maude G. Davis. Maggie was the mother of his six children, dying when the youngest was four years old. Information about this family comes, through Richard Anderson, from Johnson Co. records; Laura H. Anderson; Elizabeth M. Schneider; Ethel Pollock; Ruth L. Sayles; and (second child information was by A.B. Anderson and 1910 Johnson Co. federal census appears to confirm this.) Claude and Maggie were the parents of Leland (Andy), Earl, Earl Clarence (Red), Ruth Leetia, Elmer Delbert (Buster), and Ethel Anderson.

            Silas Edgar, born 23 FEB 1885 at Johnson Co.; married Leona M. Davis; died 31 JUL 1954 at Stoddard Co., MO. Silas and Leona were the parents of G.L., and Bonnie (Sanders) Anderson.  Silas was a Baptist.

            Guy Everett, born 18 AUG 1891 at Johnson Co.; married 6 JUL 1921 Flora Greer; died 18 FEB 1948 at St. Louis, MO.  Guy worked in a shoe store and served in the Army. He married first, Ethel Martin (no record of children) and second Flora Greer. Information came through Richard Anderson, from Flora Anderson and Herbert H. Greer (Flora's brother). Guy and Flora were the parents of Paul Eugene Anderson, born 27 MAY 1922 at Malden, Dunklin Co., MO; died 20 APR 1965 at Atlantic City, NJ. Paul Eugene Anderson married Althea Haberern in June 1952.

Earlier Andersons

Anderson families immigrated to America beginning with the Scottish arrivals in the 1700s. Because of the frequency of the name, of course, it has been difficult to trace this family once the roots reach beyond the boundaries of Illinois.

Wondering if our Henry Anderson came to Illinois with his parents, I checked the 1840 census for Johnson County, IL.  There were two Anderson households (that of William Anderson and that of Brussell Anderson) each of which had a male in the 10-15 year age bracket.  It is possible that William and/or Brussell were either the father or older brothers of Henry, but we cannot prove either at this point.

A review of the census index for the State of Tennessee in 1850 revealed 674 Anderson listings.  Union County itself did not yet exist.  It was being formed from several other counties about this time.

More intense research by genealogist Luvina K. Maples of Knoxville, TN, found reference to one John "Jack" Anderson of Union County, whom she believes is the father of our Henry.

Jack Anderson married three times, the last to Miss Mary "Polly" Sumter 17 JUL 1842.  Jack's farm on Raccoon Valley Road, Union Co., TN, was inherited by the youngest son of this last marriage, William Edward Anderson.

Older sons would have had to make their own way in the world without this inheritance.  One son by an earlier marriage, Clark Anderson, became a clockmaker in Knoxville.  It is not only possible, but probable that one or more sons, including our Henry, "went west" to start lives in such places as Illinois.

Jack Anderson was a particularly colorful fellow and we hope that he proves to be the father of Henry.  Jack was born 12 JUN 1804 and died 27 DEC 1878.  Family sources related to William Edward above say that the Anderson family came from Scotland, by way of South Carolina.

One story regarding Jack Anderson involved the time he was hanged. During the final days of the War Between the States, times were very hard for people in Union County.  Horses were very important for transportation and for farming.

Bands of men roved through the country taking whatever was of value. Jack Anderson was supposed to know where some horses were hidden.  A group of bushwhackers tried to force him to tell where the horses were located.  He was too stubborn to tell.

They put a noose around his neck and hung him to a tree.  These men gathered not far away and were bragging that they hanged the old man. A man (the name may have been Bayless) overheard their talk and went and cut Anderson down.  By the providence of the God in whom he believed, Jack's neck was not broken.  He was alive.  In fact, he did not die until 1878.  He did, however, wear a black scar around his neck to his grave.

Another story about Jack Anderson concerns his chimney building.  He had a reputation of being an excellent carpenter and chimney builder.  It was told that he stood on his head on the chimney when he completed it -- sort of like a "topping out" ceremony.

One of Jack's other accomplishments was to make a clock whose parts were all wood.  His son Clark had a watch and clock place on Gay Street in Knoxville.

Again, we hope that Jack was related to our Henry in some way.  But more research is necessary.  We return to the eldest son of Henry and Susan Jane Anderson.

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